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{short description of image} DESTINATION >> Alexandria
The second largest city in Egypt, Alexandria, known as "The Pearl of the Mediterranean", has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern. Its ambiance and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country although it is actually only 140 miles (225 kilometers) from Cairo.

Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria became the capital of Greco-Roman Egypt. Its status as a beacon of culture was symbolized by Pharos legendary lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The setting for the stormy relationship between Cleopatra and Mark Antonio, Alexandria was also the center of learning in the ancient world. But ancient Alexandria declined, and when Napoleon landed, he found a sparsely populated fishing village. Visit Pompey's pillar, an 82 foot (25 meters) tall red Aswan granite column constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletian. Continue to the nearby Catacombs of Kom al-Shuqafa. A visit along the coast, about 15 miles (24 kilometers) east of Alexandria's old district, shows the Corniche (Sea front) where many of the modern Alexandrian hotels are located and also the magnificent Montaza Palace.